Writing and Publishing Your Thesis, Dissertation & Research:
A Guide for Students in the Helping Professions
by Paul Heppner and Mary J. Heppner
Chapter 12: Conducting Quantitative Analyses and Presenting Your Results
Used when the research question is aimed at examining the frequency of a certain categorical or discontinuous variable (e.g., sex, race) or, more technically, the extent in which an observed or actual frequency count differs from the expected frequency count
Used when a research wants to compare the mean differences on a dependent variable [which should be a continuous variable (e.g., reading scores)] between two groups [i.e., the independent variable, which should be a discrete (or categorical) variable (e.g., sex)].
Used when a researcher wants to examine the mean differences of two or more levels of an independent variable on one dependent variable.
Chapter 13: Qualitative Results: The Meaning-Making Process